The Greek gods in modern scholarship : interpretation and by Michael D. Konaris

By Michael D. Konaris

The 19th century is a key interval within the historical past of the translation of the Greek gods. The Greek Gods in sleek Scholarship examines how German and British students of the time drew on philology, archaeology, comparative mythology, anthropology, or sociology to increase notably diverse theories at the Greek gods and their origins. For a few, they'd been personifications of normal components, for others, they'd began as common gods just like the Christian god, but for others, they went again to totems or have been projections of workforce solidarity. the amount discusses the perspectives of either recognized figures like ok. O. Muller (1797-1840), or Jane Harrison (1850-1928), and of forgotten, yet vital, students like F. G. Welcker (1784-1868). It explores the underlying assumptions and agendas of the rival theories within the gentle in their highbrow and cultural context, laying rigidity on how they have been hooked up to broader modern debates over basic questions similar to the origins and nature of faith, or the relation among Western tradition and the 'Orient'. It additionally considers the impression of theories from this era on 20th- and twenty-first-century scholarship on Greek faith and attracts implications for the research of the Greek gods today.

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147 Contemporary theological concerns and confessional polemics played a major part in discussions of two issues that, as we mentioned, 143 As, for example, in the case of Hölderlin: G. Hoffmeister, Deutsche und europäische Romantik (Stuttgart: Metzler, 1978), p. 128. 144 G. C. ), Homer (New York: Garland 1994), pp. 143–52 at pp. 146–8. Campbell who emphasized approaching Greek antiquity ‘not as hostile to Christianity nor as a rival to it, but as conspiring with it, in a lower grade, if you will’ offers a later British example: L.

1–3. On the broader marginalization of Catholic scholars in Germany during the period see Marchand (1996), p. xxiii. 137 On the German Protestant scholars’ emphasis on faith see Henrichs (1987), p. 13, Schlesier (2003), pp. 2–3. 138 ‘In der Religion also steht die Idee von Gott nicht so hoch als Ihr meint’, ‘Gott ist nicht Alles in der Religion sondern Eins, und das Universum ist mehr’. OUP CORRECTED PROOF – FINAL, 6/11/2015, SPi Introduction 29 Curtius, religion was intertwined with the idea of God.

Williamson (2004), p. 149. The prominence of the priests was one of the major reasons for the Protestant discomfort with Creuzer’s work: Fornaro (2001), p. 33. 179 The implications of this could not and were not missed by his critics. Creuzer tended to trace the Greek gods to Egyptian and Indian models. Recalling earlier symbolist scholars like Dupuis or Heyne, he held that Apollo was, like many of the other gods of ancient religions, an incarnation of the sun. 181 Creuzer acknowledged that Apollo’s original association with the sun frequently got obscured so that he could primarily appear as the god of the bow, of music and prophecy.

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