By Adolf Grünbaum (auth.), Kenneth F. Schaffner, Robert S. Cohen (eds.)
This booklet includes chosen papers from symposia and contributed classes offered on the 3rd biennial assembly of the Philosophy of technological know-how organization, held in Lansing, Michigan, on October 27-29, 1972. we're thankful to Michigan country collage, and particularly to Professor Peter Asquith and his scholars and associates, for his or her pleasant and effective hospitality in organizing the conditions of the classes and of the 'intersessions', the unscheduled unfastened time that's so very important to any scholarly collecting. numerous of the symposium papers have unhappily no longer been made on hand: these of Alasdair MacIntyre and Sidney Morgenbesser within the consultation at the social sciences, that of Ian Hacking within the consultation on randomness and that of Imre Lakatos within the consultation on discovery and rationality in technological know-how. division of background and KENNETH F. SCHAFFNER Philosophy of technological know-how, collage of Pittsburgh heart for the Philosophy and ROBERT S. COHEN heritage of technology, Boston collage desk OF CONTENTS PREFACE v half I/SYMPOSIUM: house, TIME AND topic: the principles OF GEOMETRODYNAMICS ADOLF GRUNBAUM / house, Time, and subject: the rules of Geometrodynamics. Introductory comments three CHARLES W. MISNER / a few issues for Philosophical Inquiry about the Theories of Mathematical Geometrodynamics and of actual Geometrodynamics 7 JOHN STACHEL / the increase and Fall of Geometrodynamics 31 half II / PHILOSOPHICAL difficulties OF BIOLOGY AND PSYCHOLOGY STUART KAUFFMAN / Elsasser, Generalized Complementarity, and Finite sessions: A Critique of His Anti-Reductionism fifty seven WILLIAM C.
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Extra info for PSA 1972: Proceedings of the 1972 Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association
Einstein, as mentioned above, never regarded general relativity as more than a provisional attempt to apply the field point of view consistently to one field, the gravitational, the peculiarities of which enabled it to be treated successfully by showing 34 JOHN STACHEL that it could be assimilated to the metrical structure of space-time, and in that sense was not a force field similar to others. "). I now assume that there are two steps of generalization: (a) pure gravitational field (b) general field (in which quantities corresponding somehow to the electromagnetic field occur, too).
Atoms explain elasticity. 14 Thus Wheeler has renounced the fundamental geometrodynamical tenet, that everything must be built out of the metric tensor field; once an advocate of an absolute theory of space-time (not only is the space-time metric absolute, it is everything), he now recognizes the possibility of a relational theory of space-time, in which the metrical properties are deduced from those of the particles. A number of references to Leibniz by Wheeler make it evident that he is aware of the historical antecedents of this position in the 'great debate' of the Age of Enlightenment between the proponents of absolute and relational theories of space.
Schaffner and Robert S. ). PSA 1972, 31-54. All Rights Reserved Copyright © 1974 by D. Reidel Publishing Company, Dordrecht-Holland 32 JOHN STACHEL compatible with the requirements of special relativity led to efforts to develop a special-relativistic field theory of gravitation, modelled on electrodynamics, which had been found to be a relativistically invariant theory. The peculiarities of the gravitational interaction, notably the equivalence principle, showed that an adequate special-relativistic gravitational theory was not possible, except locally in the neighborhood of a point of space-time; rather, the fixed metrical line element of special relativity, the Minkowski metric, had to be generalized to a variable Riemannian metric, which now played the role of gravitational potentials as well as spatio-temporal metric; and obeyed field equations that generalized Poisson's equation for the Newtonian gravitational potential.