Our Oriental Heritage (The Story of Civilization, Volume 1) by Will Durant

By Will Durant

The tale of Civilization, quantity I: A heritage of civilization in Egypt and the close to East to the loss of life of Alexander, and in India, China, and Japan from the start; with an creation at the nature and foundations of civilization. this can be the 1st quantity of the vintage Pulitzer Prize-winning sequence.

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37 W, cf. fr. 43 W = t. 36) that Plato was the first to solve the problem of the unity of the subject of predicates by distinguishing the attributive use of ‘is’ from its substantial use. After alluding (like Aristotle) to Gorgias’ pupil Lycophron, Eudemus continues: ‘Plato thought that the ‘is’ in ‘the man is fair’ does not mean what it does when used of ‘man’ but, as ‘he is understanding’ means ‘he understands’ and ‘he is sitting’ means ‘he sits’, so it is with other predicates, even where there is no corresponding verb in use … Plato solved many problems by introducing the double sense (sc.

G. Hephaestus, Ares, Aphrodite) and much more deliberately in Hesiod, and it was in Italy in the sixth century that it received its first conscious study and extension in the Homeric interpretation of Theagenes of Rhegium (FdV i, 51). Parmenides will almost certainly have known his work and his own anthropomorphism may be influenced by it. It is however at least equally likely, in view of the Pythagorean affinities of his symbols for the soul and for the aether, and in view of Empedocles’ similar identification of physical substances with Olympian gods (fr.

C. poem (ungenerated and indestructible, whole, unique, unmoving, determinate, non-temporal, inseparable, one, indivisible) are consequently, together with their opposites, its central topics. The impact of Parmenides’ thought is shown perhaps most clearly, however, in its appearance at the same time in the writings of Protagoras, who rejected the possibility of scientific and philosophical knowledge entirely and sought to eliminate both from education (Plato, Protag. 318e). Protagoras claimed (ib.

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