By G. Boniolo
Clinical recommendations, legislation, theories, types and proposal experiments are representations yet uniquely assorted. In On clinical illustration each one is given an entire philosophical exploration inside of an unique, coherent philosophical framework that's strongly rooted within the Kantian culture (Kant, Hertz, Vaihinger, Cassirer). via a revisionist ancient procedure, Boniolo indicates how the Kantian culture might help us renew and reconsider modern matters in epistemology and the philosophy of technological know-how.
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Extra info for On Scientific Representation: From Kant to a New Philosophy of Science
10 But the highest concepts cannot be defined either, since they are the highest epistemological level and there are no concepts above them representing their proximal genus. Of all the things which exist some are such that they cannot be predicated of anything else truly and universally, for example Cleon and Callias, that is, the individual and sensible, but other things can be predicated of them (for each of these is both man and animal); and some things are themselves predicated of others, but nothing prior is predicated of them; and some are predicated of others, and yet others of them, for example man of Callias and animal of man.
But the content has to be rendered more exactly than is done by verbal language. For that leaves a great deal to guesswork, even if only of the most elementary kind. (Frege, 1880–81, p. 12) Certainly Frege writes a paper on the philosophy of language, that is, ‘Über Sinn und Bedeutung’. However, this should be considered as something functional for a project which, among other things, also requires the distinction between two elements such as Sinn and Bedeutung. It should not be seen as the unmistakable mark of an ontological preference for language.
Cassirer, 1923–29, Vol. 3, p. 316) Let us come back to the concepts of ‘body’ and ‘metal’. Kant observes that there is a relation between higher concepts and lower concepts grounded in the fact that (in accordance with Aristotle’s principle of predication) ‘a characteristic of a characteristic – a distant characteristic – is a higher concept; the concept in reference to a distant characteristic is a lower concept’ (L, p. 103). In this regard, Kant makes a distinction (which we will also find in Frege): the lower concept is not contained in the higher, for it contains more in itself than the higher; but it is yet contained under the latter, because the higher contains the cognitive ground of the lower.