By Pierre Klossowski
Lengthy famous as a masterpiece of Nietzsche scholarship, Nietzsche and the Vicious Circle is made on hand right here for the 1st time in English. Taking a structuralist method of the relation among Nietzsche's concept and his existence, Klossowski emphasizes the centrality of the suggestion of everlasting go back (a cyclical suggestion of time and heritage) for realizing Nietzsche's propensities for self-denial, self-reputation, and self-consumption.
Nietzsche's rules didn't stem from own pathology, based on Klossowski. quite, he made a pathological use of his most sensible rules, anchoring them in his personal fluctuating physically and psychological stipulations. hence Nietzsche's trust that questions of fact and morality are at base questions of strength and health resonates dynamically and intellectually together with his alternating lucidity and delirium.
not my experiment.
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Extra resources for Nietzsche and the Vicious Circle
The fact remains that we are possessed, abandoned, possessed again and surprised: sometimes by the system of impulsive designations, and at other times by the system of everyday signs. It is the former that confi-onts us, invades us, and will remain long after we disappear. Outside of it, we are little, much, nothing - depending on whether we appeal to the everyday code or not. Within it, no one knows - nor would anyone know how to know - what is being designated within us. For even when we are alone, silent, speaking internally to ourselves, it is still the outside that is speaking to us - thanks to these signs from the exterior that invade and occupy us, and whose murmuring totally covers over our impulsive life.
If this sign is no longer my own thought, does it not signify my exclusion from a l l possible coherence? If it is still mine, how could it conceivably designate an absence of intensity at the hghest degree of intensity? Let us now suppose that, during suc'h a high tonality of the Intensity is subject to a moving chaos without beginning or end. Thus in each person, apparently as their own possession, there moves an intensity, its flux and reflux forming significant or insignificant fluctuations of a thought that in fact belongs to no one, with neither beginning nor end.
And earlier he had noted that present humanity no longer knows how to wait - as natures endowed with an eternal soul, fit for an eternal becoming and a future amelioration, are able to do. Here, the emphasis is placed less on willing than on desire and necessity, and this desire and this necessity are themselves linked to eternity: whence the reference to the highest feeling, or, in Nietzschean terms, to the hohe Stimmung - the high tonality of the soul. It was in such a high tonality of the soul, such a Stimmung, that Nietzsche experienced the moment when the Eternal Return was revealed to him.