Marx Through Post-Structuralism: Lyotard, Derrida, Foucault, by Simon Choat

By Simon Choat

Marx via Post-Structuralism offers a radical serious exam of the readings of Marx given by means of 4 post-structuralist thinkers, all key figures in Continental philosophy: Jean-François Lyotard, Jacques Derrida, Michel Foucault, and Gilles Deleuze. Arguing that either Marx and the post-structuralists search to provide a really materialist philosophy, the writer goals to enhance a greater knowing of either Marx and post-structuralism and in so doing to mirror at the percentages and difficulties for materialist philosophy extra commonly.

Against the typical assumption that post-structuralism starts off with a rejection of Marx, Choat argues that Marx has been a key effect on post-structuralist notion and that every of the 4 thinkers tested affirms Marx's modern importance. by way of taking a look at how those thinkers have learn Marx - analysing their direct reviews, unstated makes use of, and implicit criticisms - the ebook demonstrates that there's a designated and unique post-structuralist method of Marx that permits us to learn him in a brand new gentle.

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Additional info for Marx Through Post-Structuralism: Lyotard, Derrida, Foucault, Deleuze (Continuum Studies in Continental Philosophy)

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This point is touched on by Montag, one of Althusser’s most astute commentators in recent years: he argues that in trying to present a concept of structure present only in its effects, making the diverse intelligible without reduction or unification, Althusser equivocates between two alternatives: between a rigid structural unity and coherence, and an aleatory and indeterminate disorder (Montag, 1998: 72–3). It is then possible to posit two Althussers: ‘the thinker of the formal orders of history’ and the ‘celebrant of difference and disorder’ (Montag, 2003: 14).

On the other hand, they bring in new elements – introducing Marx to Nietzsche, for example. But before I look in detail at what each post-structuralist does with Marx, I want to address criticisms of post-structuralism that have been made by Marxists. This will complete our survey of the contextual background. Marxists Against Post-Structuralism One might assume that all that needs to be said about Marxism and poststructuralism has been said, twenty years ago or more. Once post-structuralist thinkers became popularized and their ideas widely circulated, it did not take long for Marxists to offer comment.

The sympathy I had for the majority of the theses presented by Castoriadis, I found myself . . in the group which opposed Castoriadis’ (Lyotard, 1988c: 55, 59). Lyotard suggests that he was uncomfortable with the new theories because he already felt himself drifting away from Marxism, losing faith: the new theories had only displaced the classical contradictions of Marxism from the economic to the social sphere – they were ‘cleaning up Marxism, giving it new clothes’ (60) – while Lyotard was questioning Marxism at a more fundamental level, wondering if it was appropriate to see the world in terms of contradictions resolvable through socialist revolution.

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