Lyme Borreliosis: Biological and Clinical Aspects (Current by Dan Lipsker, Benoit Jaulhac

By Dan Lipsker, Benoit Jaulhac

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Additional resources for Lyme Borreliosis: Biological and Clinical Aspects (Current Problems in Dermatology)

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Ricinus from The Netherlands, Denmark, Hungary, Slovenia, Germany and France [8]. The reported geographical distribution of the different Borrelia species and their frequency, and especially of those which are less frequently reported, may greatly change in the future due to the implementation of more molecular analysis techniques. Since, in some endemic areas in Europe, at least 6 Borrelia species may circulate, mixed infection with more than 1 species in ticks can be observed. Infections by multiple B.

Burgdorferi 27 reported that during the first 48 h of attachment to the host, B. -infected ticks did not infect the 18 exposed mice, whereas B. afzelii-infected ticks transmitted infection to 33% of the mice [24]. This study not only showed that I. ricinus transmits B. afzelii earlier than B. , but also that I. ricinus is a more efficient vector for B. afzelii than for B. s. Unfortunately, nothing is known on the transmission delay for other pathogenic Borrelia species infecting I. ricinus, such as B.

Once infected by an infectious tick bite, some reservoir hosts, like Apodemus mice, have been shown to persistently remain infectious for ticks. Small rodents are frequently parasitized by larval and nymphal I. ricinus, and this also contributes to their importance as reservoirs. Less information has been obtained on the roles of other small mammal species in the maintenance cycles of Borrelia in nature. Nevertheless, another species of vole (Microtus agrestis) in Sweden, and black rats (Rattus rattus) and Norway rats (R.

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