By David Simonetta
En terminale, les élèves découvrent les mythes de Platon; ils sont à los angeles fois au fondement de l'histoire de los angeles philosophie... et un incontournable de los angeles tradition générale ! Professeur de philosophie, David Simonetta décortique les principaux mythes platoniciens: chacun est situé dans l'oeuvre de Platon, expliqué et analysé en lien avec les objets d'étude du programme. Un consultant pédagogique et pratique, permettant d'utiliser ces références à bon escient dans les dissertations philosophiques: pour los angeles classe de terminale, les études supérieures, ou encore... pour ne pas passer pour un inculte!
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Extra resources for Les Plus Grands Mythes de Platon
Consequently, Delatte identifies the key element of the pro-democratic, anti-Pythagorean riots not as the result of the political compromise of the community as such, with its conservative and aristocratic sense (rather, more appropriately considered as a moral force), but rather from the attitudes of some individuals who abused their prestige and ended up dragging it to the conflict in a reactive movement to the attacks that followed, and therefore under the form of self-defense (Delatte 1922a: 19 – 20).
Tannery’s work (1887b) was certainly the first step in an analysis of the indirect sources. His main thesis is that the section of the dóxa of Parmenides’ Poem constituted an argument dedicated to refuting Pythagorean cosmology. Tannery starts with the observation that in the early section of the dóxa Parmenides could only be referring to the Pythagoreans: I already said that Parmenides’ prologue on the dóxa (vv. 113 – 121) throws us right into the middle of full-blown Pythagoreanism; the last verse seems to me especially worthy of attention.
Indeed, Cornford immediately notes that Philolaus introduces a third moment into Pythagoreanism, one which has connections with the early, mystical side, but which arises later: There is also (3) the system of Philolaus, which belongs to the mystical side of the tradition, and seeks to accommodate the Empedoclean theory of elements. ⁵¹ The most significant point here is the subtle shift in perspective that Cornford represents: identifying the challenge of Eleaticism as the source of the distinc- 48 For a broader analysis of this work, as well as Cornford’s historiographical position, see Murari 2002.