By Committee on Science Opportunities Enabled by NASA 's Constellation System, National Research Board
In January 2004, NASA was once given a brand new coverage course referred to as the imaginative and prescient for area Exploration. That plan, now renamed the U.S. house Exploration coverage, referred to as for sending human and robot missions to the Moon, Mars, and past. In 2005, NASA defined the way to behavior the 1st steps in imposing this coverage and commenced the improvement of a brand new human-carrying spacecraft referred to as Orion, the lunar lander referred to as Altair, and the release autos Ares I and Ares V. jointly, those are referred to as the Constellation procedure. In November 2007, NASA requested the nationwide learn Council (NRC) to judge the opportunity of new technology possibilities enabled via the Constellation process of rockets and spacecraft. The NRC committee evaluated a complete of 17 project suggestions for destiny area technology missions. of these, the committee decided that 12 would get advantages from the Constellation method and 5 wouldn't. This booklet provides the committee's findings and proposals, together with expense estimates, a evaluate of the technical feasibility of every undertaking, and identity of the missions so much deserving of destiny research.
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Extra info for Launching Science: Science Opportunities Provided by NASA's Constellation System
5 micron) space-based telescope is beyond that demonstrated by JWST, and the challenges must be identified and addressed in feasibility studies. , development costs but not including science operations) associated with the ATLAST point design for the 8-meter-class mission (see the subsection below entitled “8-Meter Monolithic Space Telescope”) will be in the multibillion-dollar range, comparable to JWST. Because the 16-m mission is larger and more technically complex than the 8-Meter Monolithic Space Telescope, it is expected to cost significantly more.
What are the components of the formation of today’s galaxies? How does the solar system work? What are the conditions for planet formation and the emergence of life? Are we alone? Periodic robotic servicing would allow for extended mission life of 20 or 30 years. The first 5 years of the mission could be focused on UV science, with a narrow-field-of-view UV spectrometer and a wide-field-of-view UV imager. After a servicing mission, the next 5 years could be dedicated to visible science such as terrestrial planet finding, with either an external occulter or an internal coronagraph.
The primary science goal is to see into the Dark Ages—acquiring a three-dimensional view of the evolution of a large fraction of the universe. It should be possible to see the cosmic evolution of the H I line excitation temperature in absorption against the cosmic microwave background, thereby producing a precision probe of cosmology and of the first large-scale structures of the universe. DALI would allow for imaging of the H I line at different redshifts, producing a history of the growth of structure formation.