Kant: Making Reason Intuitive by Kyriaki Goudeli

By Kyriaki Goudeli

Kant denies that cause is intuitive, yet calls for that we needs to - in a roundabout way - 'make' cause intuitive, and stick with its assistance, rather in issues of morality. during this e-book, a gaggle of students try to research and discover this valuable paradox inside Kantian inspiration. every one essay explores the query from a distinct point of view - from political philosophy, ethics and faith to technological know-how and aesthetics. The essays therefore additionally reformulate the center query in several kinds, for instance, how are we to achieve the ethical sturdy in own personality, political preparations, or spiritual associations?

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This movement, from cosmos, to anthropos and beyond is perhaps the real 'transition problem' of the Opus postumum. Beyond the interest of its content, the Opus postumum also reveals an extraordinary glimpse of the radicality of Kant's philosophizing. It shows how, even at the end of his life he was willing to throw the organizing principles, the achievements of the critical philosophy into the air. To put everything in question, turn his philosophy on its head and to place reason before intuition and metaphysics both before physics and after cosmology.

Thus, as is often the case, the fact that two contradictory ideas - equality and inequality - support one and the same conclusion - the woman's necessary submission - is the consequence of an ideological petitio principii. This characteristic of ideology is to be found in any pragmatic founding of 'ought'. This kind of justification, apart from easily becoming immoral, is not even conclusive, since it supports a and non-a simultaneously. For example, tradition holds, just like Nietzsche will later on, that 'the woman wants to be taken ...

It performs this analysis by scrutinizing matter according to the four groups of categories and the sciences of matter that correspond to them: quantity (phoronomy), quality (dynamics), relation (mechanics) and modality (phenomenology). Within this analysis dynamics holds a privileged place, indeed, the concept of matter that Kant unfolds is cast almost entirely in dynamic terms - as the outcome of the play of attractive and repulsive force. What Kant seeks to chart in the 'transition' project is the path from the metaphysical doctrine of matter as force to physics as the science of body, the latter understood as comprising material, vital and even social bodies (all of which are supposed to be constituted by attractive and repulsive force).

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