Introducing Linguistics: A Graphic Guide by R. L. Trask, Bill Mayblin

By R. L. Trask, Bill Mayblin

Protecting thinkers from Aristotle to Saussure and Chomsky, "Introducing Linguistics" unearths the foundations and wonder that underlie language, our such a lot human ability.

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Extra info for Introducing Linguistics: A Graphic Guide

Example text

Although an article with a main lemma sometimes displays a limited treatment it is the exception rather than the rule. The Pocket Oxford Dictionary, a dictionary in which the article stretches are characterised by a straight alphabetical ordering with a vertical arrangement, contains the following article: woodman n. forester. Compared to other articles in this dictionary the article introduced by the lemma sign woodman offers a restricted treatment of the lemma sign. This kind of limited treatment occurs when the lemma is a lesser used member of a synonym group and the treatment is primarily directed at a cross-reference entry, guiding the user to the lemma which represents the synonym with a higher usage frequency.

There is no information here on Jerónimo Cardoso’s Latin-Portuguese dictionary, or on the Diccionario de autoridades (1726–1739) or the development of dictionaries in Germany, Italy or in non-West-Germanic languages. Readers who want to know more about these subjects will easily find their way in Hausmann et al. (1989–1991). The same is true for the typology of dictionaries. A brief overview of the development of the monolingual dictionary and of the general-purpose dictionary “the one that every household has, that everyone thinks of first when the word dictionary is mentioned” (Béjoint 2000), was our aim here.

Surveys In the research that was done throughout the eighties, almost all information about uses and users of dictionaries was collected on the basis of self-evaluation: subjects were presented with questionnaires where they were asked to indicate how often they used the dictionary, what they looked up most, for what purposes they opened the dictionary, and how satisfied they were with the results. Unfortunately, many of these surveys suffered from a number of methodological flaws which make it difficult to generalise from the answers given.

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