Guide to Official Dzongkha Romanization by George van Driem

By George van Driem

Dzongkha is the nationwide language of the dominion of Bhutan. This phonological process of romanization referred to as Roman Dzongkha used to be devised by means of the writer on the behest of the Dzongkha improvement fee of the Royal govt of Bhutan. Roman Dzongkha is a phonologically sufficient, exact and constant illustration of the dwelling phonology of the fashionable spoken language. Roman Dzongkha uses 22 letters of the Roman alphabet (F, V, Q and X aren't used) and of 3 diacritic marks, i.e. the apostrophe, the circumflex accessory and the diaeresis. Digraphs corresponding to kh, ph and th are used, and simply trigraphs ensue, i.e. pch and thr. within the unique model of the romanization, a fourth diacritic mark was once used, yet this used to be changed via the apostrophe for the sake of orthographic simplicity. In his ahead to the consultant, His Excellency Minister ’Lönpo Dorji Tshering, Chairman of the fee, writes that ‘all involved are hereby recommended that Roman Dzongkha is to be applied with instant impact because the legitimate regular for rendering Dzongkha, the nationwide language of the dominion of Bhutan, within the Roman script’ (26 September 1991, Trashichö Dzong, Thimphu). Roman Dzongkha is just like the Hanyu Pinyin romanization used for Mandarin chinese language in that Roman Dzongkha isn't meant to switch the respectable local Bhutanese orthography in ’Ucen script.

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34 • ____________________________________ O B S E R V I N G W I T H O U T E V A L U A T I N G 3. If you circled this number, we’re in agreement that an observation was expressed without being mixed together with an evaluation. 4. If you circled this number, we’re not in agreement. I consider “good man” to be an evaluation. ” 5. If you circled this number, we’re not in agreement. I consider “too much” to be an evaluation. ” 6. If you circled this number, we’re not in agreement. I consider “aggressive” to be an evaluation.

Phil: That’s right. MBR: Are you feeling annoyed because you would have liked some sign from me that indicated that I have some problems with the process myself? Phil: (after a moment’s pause) That’s right. MBR: (More relaxed now that I am in touch with the person’s feeling and need, I direct my attention to what he might be requesting of me) Would you like me to admit right now that this process can be a struggle for me to apply? Phil: Yes. MBR: (Having gotten clear on his observation, feeling, need, and request, I check inside myself to see if I am willing to do as he requests) Yes, this process is often difficult for me.

Would all contribute to a more natural flow of connection between the two parties than might be apparent when dialogues are condensed in print. • 12 • ___________________________________________ G I V I N G F R O M THE HEART I was presenting Nonviolent Communication in a mosque at Deheisha Refugee Camp in Bethlehem to about 170 Palestinian Moslem men. Attitudes toward Americans at that time were not favorable. As I was speaking, I suddenly noticed a wave of muffled commotion fluttering through the audience.

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