Genetic Subgroupings of the Semitic Languages by Alice Farber

By Alice Farber

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Extra info for Genetic Subgroupings of the Semitic Languages

Example text

Our l o r d ! '--Fensham {1971} 'Keret, our scion, is impoverished'--Gordan (1949) b. ' --Gordon (1949) c. '--Gordon (1949) The variation in the glosses, and in the interpretations underlying the qlosses, is sufficient indication that there is a great deal of risk involved in coming to any conclusion at all other than that there seems to be no pattern. In the absence of any clear conditioning factors, there is no choice but to but to consider the statistically most frequent SVO word order the basic order of Ugaritic.

In addition to these, there were 15 sentences (25%) with unique word orders. 47 Order S V Number of Tokens Perc< 11 11 30 V S 0 4 4 11 11 S 0 V 2 6 0 S V 1 1 3 3 S V 0 V S V 0 S 30 Table VIII: Word order types represented in Ugaritic sentences containing subjects. Percentages are based on the number of sentences containing subjects, not the entire Ugaritic sample. "der Number of Sentences . 4 S V DO V only V S V DO Table IX: Most frequent word 11 6 4 4 4 orders in Ugaritic. These figures, although they indicate a strong SVO leaning, are less significant than they might be, simply because the interpretation of a large number of the Ugaritic sentences is relatively uncertain.

Some typical SOV sentences from the Mari l e t t e r s are i l l u s t r a t e d in (20). (20) a . ' ARM I I 6 6 , 16-17 b. ' ARM XIV 54,8 C. pi-qa-at be-li te-ma-am an-ni-em se-mi perhaps lord-my thing-ACC this-ACC hears 'PerhaDS my heard of this t h i n g . ' ARM I I 40, 14-15 v 12 d. ' ARM I I 51, 10-11 When the direct object of the sentence is a pronoun, this pronoun is c l i t i c i z e d d i r e c t l y following the verb. Some examples from the Mari 52 letters are given in (21). (21) a. ' ARM XIV 54, 17-13 b, pi-qa-at u-te-er-ra-kum perhaps he-told-you 'Perhaps he t o l d y o u .

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