Galen and Chrysippus on the Soul: Argument and Refutation in by Teun Tieleman

By Teun Tieleman

This quantity bargains with books II and III of the "On the Doctrines of Hippocrates and Plato" via the clinical scientist and thinker Galen of Pergamum (129-c. 210 CE ). In those books Galen deals an in depth critique of Stoic psychology, quoting quite a few passages from the differently misplaced treatise "On the Soul" via the nice Stoic thinker Chrysippus. this primary full-scale examine of Chrysippus' mode of argumentation considers the fragments either of their Galenic context and on the subject of Stoicism mostly. A separate dialogue is dedicated to Galen's goals and techniques and the traditions he's indebted to. although designed as a foil for the remedy of Chrysippus, it may possibly even be learn through these drawn to Galen's technique for its personal sake.

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127-148 CE) was Gale11's older contemporary, and, as Long shows, there are a number of specific similarities in epistemological outlook between the two scie11tists. 2 Galen's scientific concerns, like Ptolemy's, conditioned his attitude towards philosophical concepts and arguments to a large extent. In particular, he tended to treat scientific facts and problems as test cases for philosophical theories on knowledge and method. As we have seen, his insistence on scientific and practical profitability is one of the factors involved in his selective and harmonizing attitude vis-a-vis the philosophical schools of his day.

UQiv iv mp&iq. lS H. w ... 8upuc0vup\ ~is dmer ~ the Platonic tcx~ cf. 67 (up\ 'tfi mp6iq). g. n 69d4. 76 Paa Diller (1974) 254; De Lacy (1988) 46; Uoyd (1995) 157. ~-:>rd ~1957), 288 n~l ~II to n. 71d2 't1tv up\ U, M yuxilc; JWlpUv as suppo~~g ~n 5 ( ••: 1 a11eruon that Plato regards the liver as the seat of the appcbb'YC pan · But •n fact Galen does not cite this text nor, surprisingly, 70d7-e5 (or ~~that matter) but 7~5-4. ained without ~ apparent regard for their original contexL In another.

1,uotcd p. 108). Aristotle insists on appropriate principles (oiuicx& ckpzat) • opposed lO too general ('logical') arguments. 0, 748&7 if. where he distinguishes inappropriateness from falsehood (cf. aa. M. LeBlond. LoiilfU' d tMieU daa Aristat. (Paris 1959) 259 ff. L Bourgey. Obsnvation •t apmmu c"6:. Anstol1 (Paris 1955) 57-55. 78-85; T. O ff. 8-9 = SlP II 234): A scientific premise of a demon~tration differs from one that is rhetorical, useful for training, or soplustical. But even with regard to these later [pren1ises] philosophers such as Zeno and Chrysippus taught us no 1nethod and gave us no training.

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