Freight Capacity for the 21st Century: Committee for the by National Research Council (U. S.)

By National Research Council (U. S.)

"TRB designated file 271 - Freight capability for the twenty first Century" recommends improvement of a countrywide coverage to advertise greater administration and funding judgements with the intention to continue and increase the capability of the nation's freight procedure. maintaining with development in freight transportation calls for larger use of present amenities and the investment of tasks with the largest payoffs. to make sure sufficient freight potential, Congress and federal corporations needs to coordinate the actions of dozens of individually administered courses that have an effect on the method. This record recommends 4 rules to steer judgements approximately utilizing, enlarging, investment, or regulating the freight transportation approach: capital advancements, similar to new roads - in addition to working practices for public amenities - may still target for the best usefulness contemplating all expenses; neighborhood, nation, or federal governments could be concerned in simple terms once they can do the task greater than the other entity; every time the first merits of a undertaking are reduce charges for the facility's clients, consumer charges - no longer govt subsidies - should still pay for the capital and working expenses; and applicable offerings approximately financing preparations might be made at the beginning of a venture.

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Extra resources for Freight Capacity for the 21st Century: Committee for the Study of Freight Capacity for the Next Century (Special Report (National Research Council (U S) Transportation Research Board))

Sample text

In the following sections, each of these issues is defined, and its implications for long-run freight capacity are outlined. Management, Operation, and Regulation Decisions in this area relate to the rules that government applies to the users of freight transportation facilities, for example, traffic controls, economic regulation, and environmental regulation. Pricing (the fees charged to users of public facilities) is an important kind of operating rule. The section following this one, on funding, gives examples of pricing decisions.

Such a fund would be analogous to the existing highway, airway, and inland waterways 51111_22_49 3/31/03 4:56 PM Page 36 36 Freight Capacity for the 21st Century trust funds. The present administration recently has encouraged discussion of proposals for such a fund, to be called SEA-21 by analogy with the TEA-21 legislation governing the highway trust fund (Parker 2001). The existing trust funds reduce the responsibilities of individual facilities to support themselves by redistributing revenue from heavily used to lightly used facilities and from one transportation mode to another.

Congestion pricing and creation of tradable emissions permits are examples. This solution ensures efficiency but is often difficult to implement. In lieu of creating a market, government often relies on regulations—for 51111_22_49 3/31/03 4:56 PM Page 24 24 Freight Capacity for the 21st Century example, emissions limits, safety regulations, and traffic controls such as high-occupancy vehicle lanes—to reduce these costs. Government also is responsible for ensuring transportation facilities needed for national defense and for management of parts of the system for which it has a historically established responsibility that is unlikely to be altered soon.

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