By Robin Sackmann
Integrational Linguistics (IL), constructed by means of the German linguist Hans-Heinrich Lieb and others, is an method of linguistics that integrates linguistic descriptions, construed as ‘declarative’ theories, with an in depth concept of language that covers all classical components of linguistics, from phonology to condemn semantics, and takes linguistic version, either synchronic and diachronic, totally into account.
The goal of this e-book is to illustrate how a few debatable concerns in language description are resolved in Integrational Linguistics. The 4 essays united right here hide approximately all degrees of language structures: phonetics and phonology (“The Case for Two-Level Phonology” by way of Hans-Heinrich Lieb, on German obstruent tensing and French nasal alternation), morphology (“Form and serve as of Verbal Ablaut in modern normal German” by way of Bernd Wiese), morphology and syntax (“Inflectional devices and Their results” by way of Sebastian Drude, at the individual approach in Guaraní), and syntax and sentence semantics (“Topic Integration” by means of Andreas Nolda, on ‘split topicalization’ in German).
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Additional info for Explorations in Integrational Linguistics: Four essays on German, French and Guaraní
3, I prefer ‘tensing’ to ‘devoicing’ and will use ‘German Obstruent Tensing’ (GOT) as a technical term. In addition to word-final tensing, we also have word-internal tensing, which is more complex. Few phenomena of German phonology have generated a comparable amount of scholarly interest, and there is continuing disagreement on THE CASE FOR TWO-LEVEL PHONOLOGY 41 its proper analysis. (Cf. Brockhaus 1995, esp. 3), which may be consulted for additional references. Generally, Lieb (1998) contains a systematic discussion of most problems of German phonology and justifies assumptions that will here be simply presupposed, such as the phonemic status of the glottal stop and of schwa, or the placement of wordinternal syllable boundaries.
E. at the level corresponding to our phonological level. This is not a functional but a formal criterion since deriv- THE CASE FOR TWO-LEVEL PHONOLOGY 25 ability by rules is a formal matter. 5a). The phonological and the phonetic level each consist of a number of components. In particular, there is a set of ‘structured sound sequences’ at each level. 2 Sound sequences and structured sound sequences The following figure diagrammatically represents a phonological (structured) sound sequence (1a) and a corresponding phonetic one (1b) of Standard German idiolect systems S: (1) Structured sound sequences a.
D ] is a variant of \ "Snai. D\ . e. neither S nor its converse is a function. Table (8) (next page) summarizes and extends examples (2) to (5) from the point of view of the variant relation (the presupposed idiolect systems are from Elevated Standard German). Row 1 represents phonological connection in an obvious way; the remaining rows exemplify phonetic connection (braces for unit sets are omitted). ) are variants of the first entry in the column (indicated by ‘ ’). Order of entries in the a-box is as in (2) to (5).