Encyclopaedia of Biological Disaster Management: vol. 9. by Ranjeet Kumar Singh, Kumari Swarnim

By Ranjeet Kumar Singh, Kumari Swarnim

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Weather, population density, time of day), shelter-in-place until the initial cloud passes may be the most appropriate course of action since timely evacuation of the threatened downwind population may not be possible. Depending on the persistence of the agent and 76 Class Indices the potential for condensation of agent from the cloud, evacuation of the threatened population after passage of the initial cloud may be appropriate. Field Detection/Identification (See Detector Characteristics in General Section): Military: Vapor: Some, but not all Nitrogen Vesicants can be detected by the CAM.

Limited solubility slows the hydrolysis of liquid agents. , breaks in the skin or penetration of skin by debris). Liquid agents are much more hazardous than their vapors. Exposure Hazards (See Specific Agent in Agent Index): Skin impacts from Arsenical Vesicant vapor occur at concentrations as low as 17 ppm (10 minute exposure). Eye impacts from Arsenical Vesicant vapor occur at concentrations as low as 3 ppm (10 minute exposure). Permanent eye damage may occur at concentrations as low as 18 ppm (10 minute exposure).

Rinse with copious amounts of water. In all cases, clothing should be removed because it may contain “trapped” vapor. Small Areas: Ventilation. In heavily contaminated areas, decontamination with copious amounts of aqueous sodium Casualties/personnel: Remove contaminated clothing immediately. Remove as much of the agent from the skin as fast as possible without spreading the material. Wash the entire potentially exposed area with a bleach solution avoiding contact with sensitive areas such as the eyes.

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