Encyclopaedia of Biological Disaster Management: vol. 8. by Ranjeet Kumar Singh, Kumari Swarnim

By Ranjeet Kumar Singh, Kumari Swarnim

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This rise can not be explained by a parallel rise in the number of erthquakes, cyclones and the like. What we are seeing is an increase in the effects of disasters on people or in other words, people vulnerability to disasters. It is the social, cultural, economic and political environment that makes people vulnerable. This is most apparent; as eonomic pressures, force many of the poor to live in cheap but dangerous locations such as the flood plains and unstable hillslides. There are also many less visible underlying factors — social, political as well as economic that effect people’s ability to protect themselves against ethnicity, gender, disability and age.

Atropine sulfate: Victims with symptoms require immediate treatment with atropine. Atropine helps people breathe by drying secretions and opening their airways to allow them to breathe more freely. Atropine also blocks other effects of poisoning, such as nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramping, low heart rate, and sweating. Atropine, however, does not prevent or reverse paralysis. Adults and children will be given appropriate doses of atropine by IV or injection. Another medication, pralidoxime chloride, may also be given.

Thus, they possess characteristics that may make them attractive for use by terrorists. The agents that produce viral hemorrhagic fever are all simple RNA viruses. They are able to survive in blood for long periods, which means they can infect people who are around animals slaughtered domestically. These viruses are linked to the rodent or insect that helps to spread them, which helps in searching for a diagnosis. The specific viral hemorrhagic fever that develops depends on many factors such as the strength of the virus, its strain, and the route of exposure.

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