By M. C. Duffy
This publication provides a radical survey of electrical railway improvement from the earliest days of the London Underground to trendy electrified major line trains. assurance comprises chapters on signalling and communications, energy provides, and a close survey approximately traction structures, either AC and DC. The advent, first of mercury arc rectifiers, and later of energy semiconductor controls, is usually mentioned intimately. the writer has an extended status curiosity in engineering historical past and has written many papers on points of railway know-how. This booklet may be of specific curiosity to scientists and historians drawn to the improvement of electrical railways.Also available:Exhibiting electrical energy - ISBN 9780852968956Spacecraft know-how: The Early Years - ISBN 9780863415531The establishment of Engineering and expertise is likely one of the world's prime specialist societies for the engineering and expertise group. The IET publishes greater than a hundred new titles each year; a wealthy mixture of books, journals and magazines with a again catalogue of greater than 350 books in 18 diversified topic parts together with: -Power & strength -Renewable power -Radar, Sonar & Navigation -Electromagnetics -Electrical dimension -History of expertise -Technology administration
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Extra info for Electric Railways, 1880-1990 (IEE history of technology series)
This introduced a system better suited to long-distance main line railways, and the Westinghouse company rapidly became as well established in the international railway traction business as the Edison combine (Westinghouse, 1910; Westinghouse Electric, 1929). The success of electric traction on the Chicago elevated lines was beyond dispute, and the Sprague system spread widely, with cars carried on Sprague trucks, controlled by multiple-unit apparatus. By 1903, all the New York City elevated lines were electriﬁed, and the ability of electric traction to work all rapid-transit routes was proven (CERA 113, 1973; Condit, 1980; Cundahy, 1979; Middleton, 1974, 1977).
Fifteen tons have been carried up this gradient at that rate. The mileage of cars per day is from 90 to 100, the service per day being sixteen hours. A Westinghouse engine of 45 horse power drives a Van Depoele generator, which is of 30,000 watts capacity. At this time, in both Europe and the United States, an average steam locomotive on main line railways could provide a steady output at the driving wheel rims The electriﬁcation of street railways 25 of more than ten times the output of the generating station of the Port Huron line, so that main line electriﬁcation had to wait for electric traction technology capable of far greater power outputs, and operating and economic circumstances favouring the replacement of steam traction (Taylor, 1907).
Important research into magneto-electric generators and motors was carried out by Pixii (1832), Wheatstone and Cook (1845), William Scoresby and James Prescott Joule (1846). By the 1840s, powered locomotion had been widely demonstrated with models, boats and wheeled vehicles. The idea of electrical motive power gained in credibility when improved engines were produced after 1840. In the mid-1840s, electromagnetic power was discussed in papers such as ‘Experiments and observations of the mechanical powers of electro-magnetism, steam and horses’ by Scoresby and Joule in 1846 (Stamp and Stamp, 1975), and in 1847 a model electromagnetic traction system was demonstrated by Moses Farmer.