Discovering Syntax: Clause Structures of English, German and by Joseph E. Emonds

By Joseph E. Emonds

The essays during this quantity, courting from 1991 onwards, specialize in hugely attribute structures of English, Romance languages, and German. between clause-internal constructions, the main perplexing are English double gadgets, particle structures, and non-finite complementation (infinitives, participles and gerunds). Separate chapters partially I supply really entire analyses of every. those analyses are built-in into the framework of Emonds (2000), in which a simplified subcategorization thought totally expresses supplement choice. crucial result of that framework represent the preliminary essay of half I. parts. The self-contained essays can all be learn individually. they're wealthy in empirical documentation, and but in them all, strategies are developed round a coherent, really easy theoretical center. In Romance languages, vintage generative debates have singled out clitic and causative structures because the so much tough. Separate essays partially II lay out the customarily complicated paradigms and suggest specified syntactic suggestions, basic of their total structure but wealthy in exact predictions. pertaining to events to clausal edges, particularly arguable issues contain passives, English parasitic gaps, and the character of verb-second structures exemplified through German.. The essays partially III each one use particularly astonishing yet nonetheless theoretically limited structural money owed to unravel thorny difficulties in all 3.

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Extra resources for Discovering Syntax: Clause Structures of English, German and Romance

Sample text

21) a. Exceptional Case-Marking infinitives: paradigm (71) b. Secondary Predication: paradigm (73) c. g. after persuade/ persuasion, compel/compulsion, encourage/encouragement: paradigms (79), (84) and (86) d. Prepositionless double objects: paradigm (74) e. Complex Event Nominals with two NP complements, the first of which has a Goal role: paradigms (75), (76), (94) and (102) In my view, however, independent and general reasons explain the ill-formed paradigms in all these nominalizations. In a framework with no small clauses, when Vs take either ECM clauses (a), secondary predication (b) or obligatory control complements (c), the subject or controller NPs of the embedded predicates are sisters to V and hence c-command these predicates, as required.

6d). 6) a. *Mary’s sons {became/ looked/ remained/ seemed/ will be} {every local teacher/ each town clerk/ no successes/ some other friends}. b. *{I don’t consider his son/ Nobody could judge him/ We hired you as} {any friend/ each teacher/ some expert}. c. *Mary’s daughter became this famous success. *Her son looked that available bachelor. *Her children still remain these friends of mine. *I don’t consider his sons those good teachers. *We hired you as this expert. d. *{What/ Which} expert did Sam seem?

A little reflection, however, shows that -N (V and P) is a marked value. N is certainly the unmarked word class, while P is the least numerous and hence plausibly the most marked. Studies of types of aphasia invariably show that forms of the English copula group with closed class elements. But since such research is not examining any proposal to group morphemes except as members or non-members of the four lexical classes, it does not systematically investigate whether grammatical members of these classes differ from open class items.

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