By Martin Strohmeier
This paintings covers the discourse on Kurdishness and the improvement of the Kurdish nationwide circulation from its inception on the finish of the nineteenth century to the past due Nineteen Thirties. It examines the efforts of aspiring Kurdish leaders to "awaken" their fellow Kurds to the need of the Kurdish reason.
Read Online or Download Crucial Images in the Presentation of a Kurdish National Identity: Heroes and Patriots, Traitors and Foes (Social, Economic and Political Studies of the ... Studies of the Middle East and Asia) PDF
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Extra resources for Crucial Images in the Presentation of a Kurdish National Identity: Heroes and Patriots, Traitors and Foes (Social, Economic and Political Studies of the ... Studies of the Middle East and Asia)
217, appraising standard assessments of 'Ubaydullàh as the ﬁrst true national leader, comes to the same conclusion. He shares Bruinessen’s reservations about the text, which is known only in its English translation. Possibly, the “worldview of the translator” aﬀected the nationalist tenor of the statement. 22 Nikitine (1975), p. 189. 23 Duguid (1973), p. 142. 24 Ende (1984), p. 81: “Among the political and intellectual leaders in the Ottoman Empire in the last years of the 19th century it was common to view European pol icy of the time towards Islam in general and Turkey in particular, in a historical parallel to the crusades.
7 However, the fall of 'Abdül˙amìd from power meant the loss of positions and privileges for many Kurds who had enjoyed his pro tection. We have no information on their membership in or support of the Kürd Te'àvün ve Tera˚˚ì Cem'ìyeti. e. those dissatisﬁed with their prospects and in search of advancement, leaders and patrons. One prominent example of this group was }erìf Pasha. Predictably, the society’s charter contains nothing which is not consonant with CUP ideology. Proclaiming a constitution as the source of progress for state and religion, the charter emphasizes Ottoman identity and the necessity of enlightening the Kurds about 5 6 7 Sekban (1923), p.
29 Bruinessen (1992 a), p. 268. 30 As Duguid (1973), p. 151, points out, by 1895 there was no distinction made between revolutionaries and other Armenians: enmity was generalized. 26 STROHMEIER_f3_7-17 11/11/02 10:03 AM Page 17 17 inimical to the Muslims, already having usurped Muslim privileges, as well as having demonstrated their disloyalty to the empire. Muslim identity was both jeopardized and reinforced by the supe riority of the Western powers and their widely perceived intention to feast on the empire once the “Sick Man of Europe” collapsed.