Counterpoint by Walter Piston

By Walter Piston

The paintings of counterpoint is the paintings of mixing melodic traces. The essence of counterpoint, in spite of the fact that, is anything deeper than a means of manipulation. it's an factor of the interior power of song and is located in approximately all track. it's to an knowing of counterpoint as such that this ebook is directed.In Counterpoint—for decades essentially the most extremely popular texts within the field—the rules during which the contrapuntal aspect has operated within the works of composers of the eighteenth and 19th centures are offered. The counterpoint studied is the harmonic, rhythmic, instrumental variety so good represented through the song of Bach. For it truly is this sort that the majority of the composers who got here after Bach, together with these of our personal time, have considered as the right of contrapuntal strategy. Piston's procedure in Counterpoint is to find how track has been written instead of the way it might be written. This booklet, unlike most standard reports, states rules and provides ideas which are in line with genuine observations of the perform of composers instead of these invented via the theorist. It deals examples drawn from the works of normal composers instead of these developed by means of the writer. The literature of the final 300 years is tested to shape the logical foundation for this learn. during the publication, workouts are only if demand the writing of tune and which are meant to elucidate the rules lower than dialogue. Walter Piston, one in all America's awesome composers, created for this booklet an method of the learn of counterpoint that's stimulating and precious to an realizing of the track of all instances.

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Some have argued that all traditions start somewhere, and there is no reason why what today seems like a new departure should not become the tradition of tomorrow.  made, and remade, in processes of mobilization” (1998: 38–39). At the same time, transformations wrought through revival efforts may open up alternative artistic pathways that provide opportunities for creativity not available in other idioms. Mackinnon’s category of re-enactment is again relevant here. Many of those who identify as traditional musicians would themselves argue that they are not aiming to, and should not be expected to, reproduce their music or dance exactly as it was at some putative point in the past.

In some ways, the “trans” prefix—transition, translation, transubstantiation, transportation, transformation—is helpful in letting us off the “re” hook (see Slobin, this volume) and giving us more positive endorsement to face forwards rather than backwards. Transformation is often linked conceptually with innovation while innovation continues to be juxtaposed to tradition, as suggested by the titles Transforming Folk: Innovation and Tradition in English Folk-rock Music (Burns 2012) and Indigenous Popular Music in North America: Continuations and Innovations (Neuenfeldt 2002).

A third commonly invoked category of authenticity criteria is process-oriented. This category includes transmission, creation, and reception. Historically, great emphasis has been placed on the circumstances of transmission for establishing the authenticity of both source musicians and revivalist performers and this continues to carry significant weight in many circles. Depending on the cultural context, oral transmission and guru-apprentice relationships have often been considered more valid than learning via books or institutions.

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