Corpus, Cognition and Causative Constructions (Studies in by Gaëtanelle Gilquin

By Gaëtanelle Gilquin

English causative buildings with cause, get, have and make are frequently mistakenly offered as (quasi-)synonymous and kind of interchangeable. This publication demonstrates the worth of corpus linguistics in determining the syntactic, semantic, lexical and stylistic beneficial properties which are precise for every of those buildings. It additionally underlines the usefulness of offering corpus reports with a high-quality theoretical beginning through displaying how corpus linguistics could be fruitfully mixed with cognitive linguistics, that's used either as a place to begin for the research (top-down procedure) and as a framework during which to interpret the corpus effects (bottom-up approach). From a methodological viewpoint, the examine illustrates the complementarity of corpus and elicitation information, and provides instruments and strategies that may be used to enquire different syntactic constructions. ultimately, the booklet additionally has a pedagogical measurement in that it examines how the learn findings may be utilized to overseas language educating.

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Extra info for Corpus, Cognition and Causative Constructions (Studies in Corpus Linguistics)

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It also establishes a relation between semantics and syntax, showing how frame elements are realised at the syntactic level. 5 In addition, following Shibatani (1976a), the first predicate will be called the “causing event”, and the second one as the “caused event”. This terminological apparatus is illustrated in the following sentence: (3) The teacher made the student read the book causer causee effect patient [causing event] [caused event] 4. All corpus examples are followed by a code in angle brackets which gives the reference of the sentence(s).

The total of BNC-10W amounts to exactly 5,003,007 words. As for BNC-10S, since the genre of conversations contains only 4,206,058 words, it was supplemented with what seemed to be the most spontaneous categories, namely “TV and radio discussions” and “live sports commentaries and discussions”. The latter was included as a whole, representing a total of 33,320 words. For the former, on the other hand, a number of files were eliminated because they contained long stretches of read text. This concerns the weather, traffic and general news, all characterised by a lack of interaction and the existence of a written script.

2002). g. Boas’s (2001) investigation of motion verbs in English and German. The corpus linguistic approach has also been applied to Langacker’s cognitive grammar. Mukherjee (2004: 85), for instance, shows how “the consideration of corpus data in cognitive grammar leads to an innovative and realistic model of speakers’ linguistic knowledge”. More precisely, he argues that frequency figures should be included in a cognitive model of language, following Schmid’s (2000: 39) “From-Corpus-to-Cognition Principle”, which establishes a link between frequency in text and entrenchment in the cognitive system.

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