By Peter Grzybek (Editor)
This quantity includes a selection of contributions to the technology of language, concentrating on the examine of notice size specifically. inside a synergetic framework, the note seems to be a crucial linguistic unit, as is obviously defined within the Editor’s preface. The book’s first bankruptcy is an in depth creation to the background and cutting-edge of note size reviews. The stories incorporated unify contributions from 3 very important linguistic fields, specifically, linguistics and textual content research, arithmetic and data, and corpus and knowledge base layout, which jointly supply a accomplished method of the quantitative examine of textual content and language and notice size stories. The huge spectrum of notice size reports coated inside this quantity should be of curiosity to specialists operating within the fields of common linguistics, textual content scholarship and similar fields, and, knowing language as one instance of complicated semiotic structures, the quantity may be of curiosity for students from different fields besides.
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Extra info for Contributions to the Science of Text and Language: Word Length Studies and Related Issues (Text, Speech and Language Technology) 2007-08
Thus, the least one would expect would be to count the number of sounds, or phonemes, per word; as a matter of fact, it would seem much more reasonable to measure word length in more immediate constituents of the word, such as syllables, or morphemes. Yet, even today, there are no reliable systematic studies on the influence of the measuring unit chosen, nor on possible interrelations between them (and if they exist, they are likely to be extremely languagespecific). – This procedure, too, is often applied, still today.
In order to test his hypothesis as to the lognormality of the frequency distribution, Herdan (1966: 224) confined himself to graphical techniques only. The most widely applied method in his time was the use of probability grids, with a logarithmically divided abscissa (x-axis) and the cumulative frequencies on the ordinate (y-axis). If the resulting graph showed a more or less straight line, one regarded a lognormal distribution to be proven. 7, the result seems to be quite convincing, both for letters and phonemes.
Some decades later, Merkyt˙e (1972), for example, discussed the geometric distribution with regard to its possible relevance for word length frequencies. Analyzing randomly chosen lexical material from a Lithuanian dictionary, he found differences as to the distribution of root words and words with affixes. As a first result, Merkyt˙e (1972: 131) argued in favor of the notion “that the distribution of syllables in the roots is described by a geometric law”, as a simple special case of the negative binomial distribution (for k = 1).