Classic Ships of Islam: From Mesopotamia to the Indian Ocean by Dionysius A Agius

By Dionysius A Agius

This ebook charts the improvement of Islamic ships and boats within the Western Indian Ocean from the 7th to the early 16th century on the subject of previous sessions. It makes use of as a rule Classical and Medieval Arabic literary assets with iconographical facts and archaeological unearths. The interdependence of varied buying and selling actions within the area ended in a go fertilization, not just of products but additionally of rules and tradition which gave an underlying solidarity to the Arabian, Persian and Indian maritime peoples. This learn has ended in a second look of that maritime tradition, displaying that it was once predominantly Persian and Indian, with chinese language impact, in the course of the Islamic interval until eventually the arriving of the Portuguese, as mirrored in nautical terminology and expertise.

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8th century BCE) Odyssey in the Mediterranean. Eye-witness accounts, such as the AkhbÊr al-ÂÒn wa-l-Hind and the Silsilat al-tawÊrÒkh are written in a style which tends to be close to the spoken register of the mariners and merchants. The {AjÊxib al-Hind is another good example of this conversational style. Taking into account who the audience was and why they were written, the Arabic should be judged not as a weakness of language style, something that traditionalist linguists would like to argue, but a sign of authenticity.

Last but not least is AbÖ l-FidÊx (d. 732/1331–2), a Syrian prince, though a historian, who wrote a large geographical work, the TaqwÒm al-buldÊn (The Survey of the Countries), based largely on earlier works but added facts from his personal experience of countries he visited. Most of the geographical information after the sixth/twelfth century which has come down to us, consists of extracts and quotations from earlier sources. The reasons for this decline are the same ones which afÁicted literary circles; by the seventh/ thirteenth century much of the style becomes decadent and not conforming to the early canons of adab (eloquent) taste.

20 chapter one of language; others tended to exaggerate in their accounts, while some used a language that was symbolic or Áowery, though with its elegance and style, sometimes expressed factual subjects with great reÀnement and precison. With such an extensive range of literary source material used in this study, it became necessary to limit my discussion to those works which are the most signiÀcant and frequently used. A) Classical Literature: From the poetic lore of pre-Islam we have the classical ode (qaÉÒda).

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