By Michael Bergmann, Patrick Kain
Challenges to ethical and non secular Belief comprises fourteen unique essays by means of philosophers, theologians, and social scientists on demanding situations to ethical and non secular trust from confrontation and evolution. 3 major questions are addressed: Can one quite retain one's ethical and non secular ideals within the face of interpersonal war of words with highbrow friends? Does war of words approximately morality among a non secular trust resource, akin to a sacred textual content, and a non-religious trust resource, corresponding to a society's ethical intuitions, make it irrational to proceed trusting one or either one of these trust resources? may still evolutionary debts of the origins of our ethical ideals and our non secular ideals undermine our self belief of their veracity? This quantity locations demanding situations to ethical trust side-by-side with demanding situations to spiritual trust, units evolution-based demanding situations along disagreement-based demanding situations, and comprises philosophical views including theological and social technological know-how views, with the purpose of cultivating insights and features of inquiry which are simply neglected inside of a unmarried self-discipline or whilst those issues are taken care of in isolation. the result's a suite of essays--representing either skeptical and non-skeptical positions approximately morality and religion--that circulation those discussions ahead in new and illuminating directions.
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Extra resources for Challenges to Moral and Religious Belief: Disagreement and Evolution
So it is not hard to explain why some philosophers have a somewhat higher degree of confidence in the correctness of their favoured theory than they are rationally entitled to. As I have noted, these phenomena may be able to explain the debates between consequentialists and the proponents of the doing/allowing distinction. This explanation is certainly quite compatible with a realist conception of moral truth. It does indeed imply that, on these foundational questions, we should be cautious and should not have full confidence in any particular account of the fundamental principles of morality.
2007a). The Nature of Normativity. Oxford: Clarendon Press. Wedgwood, Ralph. (2007b). ‘Critical Notice: Christopher Peacocke’s The Realm of Reason’, Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, 74:776–91. Wedgwood, Ralph. (2010). ‘The Moral Evil Demons’, in Richard Feldman and Ted Warfield (eds), Disagreement. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 216–46. Williamson, Timothy. (2000). Knowledge and its Limits. Oxford: Clarendon Press. 2 Moral Disagreements with Psychopaths Walter Sinnott-Armstrong Issues about disagreement have been central to epistemology for millennia.
In fact, however, in most cases of moral disagreement it is easy to identify such an asymmetry between the two sides. iii-vii) argues for the view that certain forms of slavery are perfectly just. On this point, Aristotle disagrees with most contemporary Western thinkers. But it is clear that Aristotle’s view on this point rests on certain non-moral beliefs. Specifically, his view rests on his non-moral belief that non-Greeks are mentally inferior to Greeks to such a degree that it is actually in the interests of non-Greeks to live as the slaves (that is, the ‘human tools’) of Greeks.