Building a New Afghanistan by Robert I. Rotberg

By Robert I. Rotberg

In the wake of the Taliban nightmare, Afghanistan needs to take on severe difficulties ahead of it may well turn out to be a convinced, self sufficient country. defense during this battered country maintains to become worse; suicide bombings, convoy ambushes, and rebel assaults are all too universal. potent kingdom construction will rely on putting off the nationwide safeguard hindrance and adorning the rule of thumb of legislation. This publication bargains a blueprint for relocating the embattled state towards higher democracy and prosperity. Robert Rotberg and his colleagues argue that the long run good fortune of country construction in Afghanistan is determined by lessening its dependence on opium and adorning its monetary prestige. lots of Afghanistan's safety difficulties are on the topic of poppy becoming, opium and heroin creation, and drug trafficking. development a brand new Afghanistan indicates debatable new choices to rapid eradication, that's silly and counter-productive. those ideas comprise financial incentives for transforming into wheat, a practicable neighborhood crop. better wheat creation may feed hungry Afghans whereas lowering narco-trafficking and the phobia that includes it. Integrating this land-locked kingdom into the relevant Asia or better Eurasia economic climate might open up buying and selling partnerships with its northern and western acquaintances in addition to with Pakistan, India, and doubtless China. constructing a feeling of universal function between electorate would receive advantages the financial system and will support to unite the country. possibly most vital, bolstering higher governance in Afghanistan is critical so as to dispose of chaos and corruption and enact national reforms. clean and insightful, construction a brand new Afghanistan exhibits what the country's management and the overseas neighborhood may still do to unravel risky matters and bolster a nonetheless fragile kingdom. individuals contain Cindy Fazey (University of Liverpool), Ali Jalali (former minister of the inner, Afghanistan, and nationwide security University), Hekmat Karzai (Centre for clash and Peace reviews, Afghanistan, and Institute of safety and Strategic stories, Singapore), Alistair J. McKechnie (World financial institution nation Director for Afghanistan), Paula Newburg (Skidmore College), and S. Frederick Starr (Central Asia-Caucasus Institute and faculty of complicated foreign reviews, Johns Hopkins University).

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11. Carlotta Gall, “Nation Faltering, Afghan Leader Draws Criticism,” New York Times (August 23, 2006). 12. See J. Alexander Thier, “Order in the Courts,” New York Times (August 28, 2006). 13. htm. 14. All statistics for Afghanistan are problematic. The World Bank offers the 35 percent figure for the contribution of opium and opium products to national GDP (2005). The UN Office of Drug Control calculates that contribution at 52 percent, and Fazey puts it at 60 percent. For a further discussion of these numbers, see McKechnie, chapter 5 in this volume.

Securing Afghanistan’s future requires a long-term commitment by the international community, with a clear vision of making Afghanistan a self-supporting nation. Distinctive Geography and Turbulent History During the past quarter of a century, Afghanistan’s political scene has been dominated by violence fueled by opposing ideologies and competing political interests. The country, which served as the last battlefield of the cold war at the end of the twentieth century, became the scene of the first global war on terrorism at the turn of the twenty-first century.

12. See J. Alexander Thier, “Order in the Courts,” New York Times (August 28, 2006). 13. htm. 14. All statistics for Afghanistan are problematic. The World Bank offers the 35 percent figure for the contribution of opium and opium products to national GDP (2005). The UN Office of Drug Control calculates that contribution at 52 percent, and Fazey puts it at 60 percent. For a further discussion of these numbers, see McKechnie, chapter 5 in this volume. , 2006). 15. pdf. 16. UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, 2005 draft report, leaked in 2006.

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