By Donna Rae Siegfried, René Fester Kratz
An up-to-date version of the last word advisor to figuring out biology
Ever questioned how the nutrients you devour turns into the strength your physique must continue going? the speculation of evolution says that people and chimps descended from a standard ancestor, yet does it let us know how and why? We people are insatiably curious creatures who can't aid thinking about how issues paintings — beginning with our personal our bodies. Wouldn't or not it's nice to have a unmarried resource of speedy solutions to all our questions on how dwelling issues paintings? Now there is.
From molecules to animals, cells to ecosystems, Biology For Dummies, second version solutions your whole questions about how residing issues work.
Written in undeniable English and filled with dozens of illustrations, quick-reference
Cheat Sheets, and beneficial tables and diagrams, it cuts correct to the chase with fast paced, easy-to-absorb reasons of the existence methods universal to all organisms.
greater than 20% new and up to date content material, together with a considerable overhaul to the association of subject matters to make it a pleasant school room supplement
assurance of the latest advancements and discoveries in evolutionary, reproductive, and ecological biology
comprises functional, updated examples
Whether you're at present enrolled in a biology type or simply need to know extra approximately this interesting and ever-evolving box of research, this attractive advisor provide you with a grip on complicated biology ideas and free up the mysteries of ways existence works in no time.
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Additional resources for Biology for Dummies
The hydroxide ions can combine with H+ to create water. Because the hydrogen ions are used, the number of hydrogen ions in the solution decreases, making the solution less acidic and therefore more basic. So, the more hydroxide ions a molecule releases (or the more hydrogen ions it takes in), the more basic it is. Table 3-1 shows you the pH of some common substances. Use it to help you visually figure out the pH scale. 5 Human blood 8 Seawater, eggs 9 Baking soda, antacids 10 Great Salt Lake 11 Ammonia 12 Bicarbonate of soda, soapy water 13 Oven cleaner, bleach 14 (most basic) Sodium hydroxide (NaOH), liquid drain cleaner Buffing up on buffers In organisms, blood or cytoplasm are the “solutions” in which the required ions (for example, electrolytes) are floating.
It’s the smallest “piece” of matter that can be measured. Every atom actually contains even smaller pieces known collectively as subatomic particles. These include protons, neutrons, and electrons (and even quarks, mesons, leptons, and neutrinos). Subatomic particles can’t be removed from an atom without destroying the atom. Here’s the basic breakdown of an atom’s structure (see Figure 3-1): ✓ The core of an atom, called the nucleus, contains two kinds of subatomic particles: protons and neutrons.
Matter can take several forms. The most familiar forms of matter are solids, liquids, and gases. Solids have a definite shape and size, such as a person or a brick. Liquids have a definite volume. They can fill a container, but they take the shape of the container that they fill. Gases are easy to compress and expand to fill a container. To understand the difference between mass and weight, compare your weight on Earth versus your weight on the Moon. No matter where you are, your body is made of the same amount of stuff, or matter.