Biodiversity of Western Rhodopes (Bulgaria And Greece): by Petar Beron

By Petar Beron

The current quantity of the sequence "Biodiversity of Bulgaria", treating the Western Rhodope Mountains, includes forty papers by means of seventy one authors. It begins with a geographical define. It contains basic stories of the Mycota (1,763 species of fungi), mosses (364 species) and algae (1,257 species, types and kinds) of the full Rhodopes. One paper each one issues the better plants and the arboreal range of the Western Rhodopes. many of the contributions (34) deal with animal variety, altogether contemplating 3,958 species of Rhizopoda, Nematoda, Oligochaeta, Acanthocephala, Cladocera, Calanoida, Copepoda, Syncarida, Amphipoda, Ephemeroptera, Coleoptera, Hymenoptera, Trichoptera, Diptera, Mollusca, Pisces, Amphibia, Reptilia, Aves, Insectivora, Rodentia, Lagomorpha and Macromammalia. for every of those better taxa, areas and teams very important for conservation, in addition to endemics, relicts, safe and endangered species are defined. The ebook is addressed to botanists and zoologists, conservationists, biogeographers, and all enthusiasts of the Balkan's nature.

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Extra info for Biodiversity of Western Rhodopes (Bulgaria And Greece): Biodiversity of Bulgaria (Faunistica)

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The Trigradko zhdrelo is also a site of high ornithological and botanical value. 6 ha. 0 ha. Eleven protected territories from the Bulgarian side of the Western Rhodopes Mountains have been included into the “CORINE-Biotops” program. In line with the Directive of Habitats 92/43/ÅÅC, 5 protected territories from the Western Rhodopes Greek part (29 064 ha) are due to be included into the NATURA’2000 European network, 4 of which spread along the border with Bulgaria: - The Fraktos mountain massif (GR1140001-1-080 ha).

Conserves century-old mixed forests of great diversity, including beech (sheer beech forests), white pine, common fir, winter oak, black pine, water calk, common calk, maple, sycamore, etc. There is also rich fauna in this reserve. Physical-Geographical Characteristics 37 This is the largest refuge of chamois in the Rhodopes Mountain (introduced in 1963). They inhabit the Steneto and Kupena karst rocky localities. In the buffer zone of this reserve is the karst cave of Snejanka, a well-known tourist destination.

Until 6000 BP mixed deciduous forests covered this mountain (PANOVSKA, BOZILOVA, 1994). But gradually beech from an admixture to calk and fir forests became the dominant species and formed a separate beech zone, mixed with calk and fir. At the same time at higher elevations spruce increased its areas, substituting the white fir (Pinus peuce) and making a well defined spruce belt, mixed with white fir and Pinus diploxylon fir. During that time black pine had a limited distribution. , which are indicators for stock-breeding (LAZAROVA, FILIPOVICH, STEFANOV, 2002).

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