Applied Superconductivity: Handbook on Devices and by Paul Seidel

By Paul Seidel

This wide-ranging presentation of utilized superconductivity, from basics and fabrics correct as much as the main points of many purposes, is a vital reference for physicists and engineers in educational examine in addition to in undefined.

Readers searching for a entire assessment on easy results with regards to superconductivity and superconducting fabrics will extend their wisdom and knowing of either high and low Tc superconductors with recognize to their program. know-how, instruction and characterization are coated for bulk, unmarried crystals, thins fi lms in addition to digital units, wires and tapes.

The major good thing about this paintings lies in its vast insurance of vital purposes in magnets, energy engineering, electronics, sensors and quantum metrology. The reader will locate info on superconducting magnets for various functions like particle physics, fusion examine, medication, and biomagnetism in addition to fabrics processing. SQUIDs and their utilization in drugs or geophysics are
thoroughly coated, as are superconducting radiation and particle detectors, elements on superconductor electronic electronics, top readers to quantum computing and new devices.

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Applied Superconductivity: Handbook on Devices and Applications

This wide-ranging presentation of utilized superconductivity, from basics and fabrics correct as much as the main points of many functions, is a vital reference for physicists and engineers in educational learn in addition to in undefined. Readers searching for a accomplished assessment on easy results relating to superconductivity and superconducting fabrics will extend their wisdom and figuring out of either high and low Tc superconductors with appreciate to their program.

Additional resources for Applied Superconductivity: Handbook on Devices and Applications

Example text

This handbook wants to demonstrate that applied superconductivity has a rising impact in science and industry. The breathtaking development within the last 20 years involved a large number of different fields, for example, in medicine, geophysics, high-energy physics, and power engineering. Thus, not all examples and details can be given here, but the references will guide the reader to additional sources. The dynamics of the development of superconductivity, especially in materials and technologies toward applications is astonishing.

1 Superconductivity of mercury. (From [1], after Ref. ) Today we know that superconductivity represents a widespread phenomenon. In the periodic system of the elements superconductivity occurs in many elements. Here, at atmospheric pressure, niobium is the element with the highest “transition temperature” or “critical temperature” T c of about 9 K. Eventually, thousands of superconducting compounds have been found, and this development is by no means closed. The vanishing of the DC electric resistance below T c is not the only unusual property of superconductors.

The shielding super-currents only flow near the surface of the superconductor and decay exponentially toward the interior, as we will discuss further below. We can place the integration path, along which Eq. 1) must be evaluated, deep into the interior of the ring. In this case, the integral over the current density is exponentially small, and we obtain in good 3) The moving wave is connected with the motion of the center of mass of the pairs, which is identical for all pairs.

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