By Jørn Olsen, Kaare Christensen, Jeff Murray, Anders Ekbom
An advent to Epidemiology for overall healthiness Professionals
Jorn Olsen, Kaare Christensen, Jeff Murray, and Anders Ekbom
Who will get ill? What factors—genetic, environmental, social—contribute to their illness?
Easy sufficient to invite, however the solutions have gotten more and more complex. at the present time, because the public concerns approximately rising ailments and the observe epidemic is a part of the final dialogue, epidemiology might be a simple component to scientific education, but frequently it really is undertaught or perhaps ignored. Concise and readable whereas additionally rigorous and thorough, An advent to Epidemiology for health and wellbeing Professionals is going past common textbook content material to flooring the reader in clinical tools such a lot proper to the present health and wellbeing panorama and the evolution of evidence-based medicine—valuable keys to higher knowing of sickness technique, powerful prevention, and specific therapy. This volume:
- Presents fabric accessibly for readers who could have no longer studied epidemiology.
- Focuses both in descriptive and analytic branches of epidemiology.
- Demonstrates purposes of descriptive and analytic equipment in public well-being, genetic epidemiology, and medical epidemiology.
- Includes a "Sources of blunders" part addressing difficulties in inference and decision-making, choice bias, and different universal pitfalls.
In addition to its usefulness for graduate scholars in public healthiness and clinical scholars in medical epidemiology, An advent to Epidemiology for well-being Professionals is a well timed reference for practitioners desiring a refresher during this very important self-discipline.
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Additional info for An Introduction to Epidemiology for Health Professionals
Families share not only environmental factors (including social J. 1007/978-1-4419-1497-2_6, C Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010 37 38 6 Descriptive Epidemiology in Genetic Epidemiology factors), but also genetic factors. Epidemiologists have traditionally looked for environmental causes for variations in health outcomes, while geneticists have focused on genetic factors of importance for health. The interaction between these two research traditions has been surprisingly slow in emerging (the International Genetic Epidemiology Society was founded in 1991), although many researchers in both areas agree that the determinants of most health outcomes are to be found in the interaction between genes and environment.
Screening will lead to detection and removal of pre-malignant (cancer in situ) lesions with a simple surgical procedure, thus reducing both incidence and mortality of this cancer. Descriptive epidemiological data were used to evaluate these programs. Data from Sweden, for instance, show a drop in the incidence of squamous cell cancer of the cervix starting in the late 1960s followed by a drop in the mortality in cervix cancer 5 years later but an increase in the incidence of cancer in situ (Fig.
The introduction of Pap smear screening in the late 1960s was done in order to reduce morbidity and mortality of cervical cancer. Screening will lead to detection and removal of pre-malignant (cancer in situ) lesions with a simple surgical procedure, thus reducing both incidence and mortality of this cancer. Descriptive epidemiological data were used to evaluate these programs. Data from Sweden, for instance, show a drop in the incidence of squamous cell cancer of the cervix starting in the late 1960s followed by a drop in the mortality in cervix cancer 5 years later but an increase in the incidence of cancer in situ (Fig.