An Encyclopedia of Language (Routledge Reference) by N. E. Collinge

By N. E. Collinge

* Examines how language works, accounting for its nature, its use, its examine and its history
* accomplished indexes of themes and Technical phrases, and Names
* conscientiously illustrated to give an explanation for key issues within the text

`This wealthy repository of knowledge on all facets of language is a needs to for all libraries in better schooling, faculties and bigger public libraries.' - Library Review
`Each article has an outstanding bibliography. moreover, there are entire indexes of subject matters and technical phrases and names. hugely instructed for all university and basic public libraries.' - Choice
`This vital e-book is in lots of methods a state-of-the -art survey of present conceptions of, and ways to, language, with beneficiant references to extra certain assets. every one bankruptcy has a superb bibliography.' - Language International
`A complete advisor ... with very thorough bibliographies ... Collinge's Encyclopedia is suggested to educational libraries.' - Reference Reviews
`The bibliographies are a useful reduction ... the editor is to be congratulated for having performed an exceptional activity ... there are nearly no components of language and linguistics that don't get a glance in someplace, and there's stable signposting within the textual content itself.' - Nigel Vincent, occasions better schooling complement

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Extra resources for An Encyclopedia of Language (Routledge Reference)

Example text

The term ‘broad’ is often used in a loose sense meaning ‘not very narrow’. Thus for some phoneticians, the term ‘broad phonetic transcription’ is synonymous with ‘phonemic transcription’, whereas for others it means an allophonic transcription in which comparatively little allophonic detail is shown. For more detail on types of transcription see Abercrombie (1964:16–24). 1 above) and in effect incorporates them into the transcription. This results in what is known as a MORPHOPHONEMIC transcription and is often indicated by the use of braces: {…}.

Footdivisions on the other hand, may cut across words, and a foot does not necessarily consist of an integral number of words. 4 above): The book was in an unlikely place. The stressed syllables here are book, –like-, and place, and these therefore begin the feet, which consist of book was in an un-, -likely, and place. The word the with which the sentence begins belongs in its own foot, which is incomplete, not having a stress within it. e. that stresses tend to recur at approximately equal intervals of time (ISOCHRONOUS stress).

The notation {s~z} enables us to have a single representation for the plural suffix, even though it is sometimes pronounced /z/ and sometimes /s/. 2 above), we can take it that the base form of the verb feel is /fi:l/, and that the form /fel-/ which occurs before the past ending is derived from it by changing the /i:/ to /e/. Base forms of this type are also referred to as UNDERLYING FORMS. Many words and suffixes may be regarded as having a single underlying form from which all the actually occurring forms may be derived.

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