A Phoenician-Punic Grammar (Handbuch Der Orientalistik) by Charles R. Krahmalkov

By Charles R. Krahmalkov

This quantity contains the phonology, orthography, morphology, syntax, language and utilization of the Phoenician-Punic language. It comprises examples from texts and dialects, together with fragments of a Punic drama, to carry to lifestyles the grammatical description of this language. the outline of the literary language holds that demanding and element reference of a given type of the verb is basically a functionality of syntax, no longer morphology.

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1017 u m i r , var. u m e r "umir < "umr ( J MR "word"); but / 7 7 / 4 . 1 / 2 , 8 iyrsiyira(h) (TRH "month"); Diosc. 71 zyra zira\ZRc "seed"). 2 bal ars bal (h)ars (B'L HRS "architect"). Anaptyxis also takes place with the feminine singular noun afformative -t: NPu Poen. 6 myith mi it < mit (M'T"one hundred"). Note that in Punic the anaptyctic vowel may be preserved even when suffix pronouns are affixed: Pu Poen. 938 s i b i t h i m sibitim ("his residing"). Anaptyxis normally does not take place when the final root letter is the sonorant I or r.

In his own account of the taking of Agrigentum by Carthage. "). The fate of this composition is especially interesting. In the course of transmission over a period of more than three hundred years in the hands of the Greeks, the Punic was distorted to portray the Carthaginians as brutal savages. "). Diodorus continued his account of the fall of Agrigentum with a detailed description of the looting of the city. "). We have here a rare instance of the process of historical revisionism in antiquity, a tendency that Diodorus himself strongly condemned.

350) D 6 s i b e n sib"en ($B'N"our militia"), the initial sibilant of which is part of an elaborate alliterative scheme I-SaB-SiT-SaT-SiB-I that depends on the repetition of the the simple sibilant s. R. Krahmalkov, JAOS 294 (1994), 68-82). Q U v u l a r stop / q / . 4 KOUAO) qulo (QL "his voice"); Poen. 930 carothi qaroti (QR'T "I called"); Poen. 931 m a c o m maqom (MQM "place"). But chon kon (KN kon "he was"). R: Alveolar median resonant / r / . Unlike its Hebrew counterpart, the r may be geminated, as seen in the Greek and Latin transcriptions of the Pi'el active participle M'RJJ me\rreh as Mr|ppr] and Merre respectively, with gemination of Irl (KAI 66).

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