A Cultural History of the English Language (The English by Gerry Knowles

By Gerry Knowles

This publication offers a brand new interpretation of the heritage of English. entry to giant corpuses of English has allowed students to evaluate the trivialities of linguistic swap with a lot better precision than ahead of, usually pinpointing the beginnings of linguistic options in position and time. the writer makes use of the findings from this study to narrate significant historic occasions to alter within the language, specifically to components of linguistic inquiry which have been of specific value lately, corresponding to discourse research, stylistics and paintings on pidgins and creoles. The publication doesn't try and chronicle adjustments in syntax or pronunciation and spelling, yet is designed to counterpoint a corpus-based examine of formal adjustments. the tale of English is stated to the overdue Nineties to incorporate, among different issues, discussions of Estuary English and the results of the knowledge superhighway.

Show description

Read or Download A Cultural History of the English Language (The English Language Series) PDF

Similar linguistics books

Dirty French: Everyday Slang from "What's Up?" to "F*%# Off!" (Dirty Everyday Slang)


Next time you’re touring or simply chattin’ in French along with your associates, drop the textbook formality and bust out with expressions they by no means educate you at school, including:

•Cool slang
•Funny insults
•Explicit intercourse terms
•Raw swear words

Dirty French teaches the informal expressions heard each day at the streets of France:

•What's up?
Ça va?

•He's completely hot.
Il est un gravure de mode.

•That brie smells funky.
Ce brie despatched putain de drôle.

•I'm gonna get ripped!
Je vais me fracasser!

•I gotta piss.
Je dois pisser.

•The ref is fucking asshole.
L'arbitre est un gros enaelé!

•Wanna try out doggy-style?
Veux-tu faire l'amour en levrette?

Dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetics (6th Edition) (The Language Library)

Put up 12 months notice: First released in 1985

David Crystal's A Dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetics has lengthy been the normal single-volume reference for its box. Now to be had in its 6th variation, it's been revised and up to date to mirror the most recent phrases within the field.

• comprises in far more than 5,100 phrases, grouped into over 3,000 entries
• assurance displays thoughts through a workforce of specialists in phonetics, phonology, syntax, semantics, sociolinguistics and psycholinguistics, making it quite comprehensive
• contains new principles stemming from the minimalist program
• features a separate desk of abbreviations and desk of symbols, besides an up to date foreign Phonetic Alphabet
• Updates entries to mirror the way in which demonstrated phrases are actually perceived in gentle of alterations within the box, delivering a different perception into the historic improvement of linguistics
• is still the normal single-volume reference for the sphere of linguistics and phonetics.

Portuguese: Learn Portuguese In 21 DAYS! - A Practical Guide To Make Portuguese Look Easy!

Uploader be aware: this can be a reference consultant - you won't examine Portuguese from this book.

Learn Portuguese In 21 DAYS!

In this publication you can find 21 highly-informative chapters at the basics of Portuguese grammar and communique. each one bankruptcy is designed to supply self-learners an entire but compact studying fabric that would support them converse the language conveniently in a truly couple of minutes. It addresses the wishes of tourists, scholars, marketers, and pros for a grammar reference and word booklet in a single resource.

Each bankruptcy beneficial properties tables, charts, and correct examples to make studying the Portuguese language an enticing and relaxing experience.

The first eight chapters care for the elemental issues each speaker may still recognize: the alphabet, pronunciation, numbers, months and days, seasons, telling time and date, shades, and simple survival words for buying round in a Portuguese-speaking country.

The succeeding chapters care for the fundamental points of grammar together with sentence development and the various components of speech. The ebook lands up with a bankruptcy on key trip words and a last bankruptcy of vocabulary listings for day-by-day conversations.

Language rookies will locate this e-book a useful reference for studying the ecu and the Brazilian branches of the Portuguese language.

Here is what you'll find inside:

• The Portuguese Alphabet
• Pronunciation Guide
• Greetings and easy Phrases
• Portuguese Numbers
• Months, Days, and Seasons
• Time and Date
• shades In Portuguese
• note Order
• Capitalization And Punctuation
• Articles
• Nouns And Pronouns
• Adjectives
• Verbs, Adverbs And Prepositions
• worthwhile Phrases
• Vocabulary
• BONUS bankruptcy from "Spanish: research Spanish in 21 DAYS! – a realistic consultant To Make Spanish glance effortless! EVEN For Beginners"
• and masses, even more. ..

Download Your replica instantaneously!

Germanic Dialects: Linguistic and Philological Investigations

This quantity seeks to offer ‘Germanic philology’ with its major linguistic, literary and cultural subdivisions as an entire, and to name into query the known pedagogical department of the self-discipline.

Additional resources for A Cultural History of the English Language (The English Language Series)

Sample text

After his death in 1066 he was succeeded after a brief interval by the duke of Normandy, and from this time onward England was oriented not towards the Northmen but towards the Normans. 3 The Anglo-Saxon written tradition Much discussion has centred on whether English and Danish were mutually intelligible in the Danelaw. The assumption behind the discussion is that if they were not mutually intelligible, they could be regarded as distinct languages. However, intelligibility is not a good criterion.

At the very least, we cannot easily draw conclusions about the forms of early spoken English from a study of written records. The most typical kind of reading in our modern culture is that undertaken by individuals reading silently to themselves. In medieval times, reading more typically meant reading aloud. St Augustine, in his Confessions, comments that St Ambrose read silently, implying that this was unusual (Aston, 1977: 348). We now think of letters representing sounds (which implies that sounds are logically prior to letters), but the medieval term for the sound of a letter was its 'voice' (which implies that letters are prior to sounds).

Early English dialects There was no such thing at this time as a Standard English language in our modern sense. Not only did the original settlers come from many different tribes, they also arrived over a long period of time, so that there must have been considerable dialect variety in the early kingdoms. As groups achieved some local dominance, their speech was accorded prestige, and the prestigious forms spread over the territory that they dominated. In some cases the immigrants took control of existing Celtic kingdoms, for example Northumbria subsumed the old kingdoms of Bernicia and Deira (Higham, 1986).

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.00 of 5 – based on 15 votes